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The relative impact of Tuition and Textbook costs via found Graphics
Postsecondary Education in Canada
Postsecondary education and tuition fees are publicly regulated, our colleges and universities are public institutions; however, public funding currently accounts for less than 49 percent of university and college operating funds, down from 77 percent just 20 years ago. In recent decades, various governments have made the political choice to claw back public funding for post-secondary education and download these costs onto students and their families through tuition fees.
Dramatic tuition fee increases are the direct result of cuts to public funding for postsecondary education by the federal and provincial governments. In the past 25 years, average tuition fees in Canada have increased by more than 137 percent.To justify these increases, in recent years, governments and post-secondary institutions across the country have colluded to create a narrative that post-secondary education is a privilege and a personal benefit that students and their families should have to pay for. We know that this “user-fee” model of post-secondary education benefits the wealthy, with 60 percent of post-secondary students today coming from the two highest income quintiles. The upfront cost of college and university education is blocking students from low and middle-income families from accessing higher education and skills training.
Rising tuition fees and the reliance on loan-based financial assistance have pushed student debt to historic levels. Today, students on average graduate with over $28,000 of education-related debt after an undergraduate degree and the amount owed to the Canada Student Loan Program is over $19 billion and is increasing by nearly $1 million per day.
Low and middle-income students who are forced to take out student loans end up paying more for their education as they must repay both tuition fees and the accumulated interest on their public and private student loans. These large levels of debt impact the life decisions students make for years to come.
Students are mobilizing to fight back and advocate for our vision of post-secondary education in Canada. We know that public education is a public good that society benefits from as a whole and it must be funded as such. Education is a right of us all not a privilege of a few.
Canadian university report
The key is to find ways to finance your education and graduate with the smallest amount of debt.
Here are the costs you can expect across Canada.
Paul Attfield, CAITLIN HAVLAK The Globe and Mail
Tuition is just the start. Add in the price of student housing, which varies depending on the university, books and school supplies, food and recreation, a phone plan and return trips home, and the cost of university soon adds up exponentially.
And graduating Canadian students carry an average debt burden of about $27,000, according to the 2015 graduating student survey by the Canadian University Survey Consortium, which takes on average 10 years to pay back, according to the Canada Student Loan program.
But there are a few options to help students try to minimize the amount of debt they carry with them after graduating. . . .
Thanks Baird. Tara Lifland makes good points about potential returns but could expand on Investment issues. A couple of ROI related articles: INTRO INcreased Tuition Revenue through OER model _http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/1828/1763_ AND _ Defining Digital Courseware’s ROI in Terms of Student Success _https://www.edsurge.com/news/2016-07-07-defining-digital-courseware-s-roi-in-terms-of-student-success_
__BCcampus library of open textbooks are licensed CC BY and CC BY SA [perhaps others too] so this is a forward looking pledge. Wonder if OpenStax has commented on their intentions
__Found several of these interesting, marked them with _*_ but start with Downes __ A Letter from 2036 – David Kernohan, Building the Open Future of Education – Mary Lou Forward, Open Education Consortium, The OER Research Themes of the Future – Martin Weller & Patrick McAndrew, _*_From Open Education to Open Science – Willem van Valkenburg [US / Europe Strategies], The Future of OER – TJ Bliss, A University of Open – Paul Stacey, Wither Open Educational Resources in 2036? – Marshall (Mike) Smith, _*_Mapping Unbundled Open Education Resources: Pathways Through the Chaos – Karen E. Willcox and Luwen Huang, Future of Open Education at Community Colleges – Una Daly, Dream A Little – Lorna M. Campbell, _*_2036: The Evolutionary Revolution of Open Education Realized – Catherine Casserly, Universal Education Realized – Cable Green, _*_Open Learning in the Future – Stephen Downes, The Price of Freedom: Open Education and the Tragedy of the Commons – Andy Lane,
__Michael Feldstein 6 Short Videos – McGraw-Hill Education, Adaptive Learning, e-Literate TV _ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6aYR0uCe9o&index=1&list=PLb2UcU-aVjN2aPSmGKILK2GHh6MgGswM9
__”Innovation is clearly on the federal government’s agenda and of big interest to universities as they try to keep pace with rapid changes in society and the economy, while staying responsive to government funding priorities and continuing to meet the needs of their students, faculty and the wider community.” __
Experts from within and outside of academia expound on what role universities can play to further the innovation agenda.
Don Gorges likes this
__See the entries for National Geographic’s Nature Photographer of the Year contest – The Washington Post _ https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/see-the-entries-for-national-geographics-nature-photographer-of-the-year-contest/2016/10/07/87a13fe6-8020-11e6-8327-f141a7beb626_gallery.html
__The PG-13 Reporters Covering an R-Rated Election_ Article via NYT _ http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/02/us/politics/scholastic-reporting-campaign.html?_r=0 ___ Scholastic has been providing child-friendly election coverage to teachers and classrooms for nearly a century, starting with the 1924 race between Calvin Coolidge and John W. Davis. It introduced its children’s press corps program in 2000, and for the last five presidential elections, Scholastic has sent precocious young political reporters to cover rallies, debates and stump speeches around the country.
__2 recently established Syllabus Databases; Open Syllabus Explorer, Open Syllabus Project OSP, For now, there are limitations to these databases. They hold just a fraction of the estimated 80 million to 120 million syllabuses in the U.S. because at present they can only access syllabuses posted on public websites. Those stored in a school’s learning management system, for instance, aren’t accessible. Although a search can show which textbooks are most widely used in a particular field, the results can’t be filtered by subfields. _
When faculty start developing new courses, they often want to know how other professors have structured similar courses and what textbooks they’re using. Likewise, textbook authors are keen to find out who has adopted their works for classes.
The Open Syllabus Project (OSP), a new database with three million course syllabuses, is designed to help both groups, and possibly also aid textbook publishers to better understand the ways in which faculty use course materials for teaching. OSP, set to open in January 2017, isn’t the first of its kind, according to an article in Nature, but it will be the largest to date.
Another database, Open Syllabus Explorer, launched in early 2016 with plans to expand its inventory next year to three million syllabuses cross-referenced with 150 million texts. Both databases can be searched in a number of ways: by academic field, textbook author, institution, and other criteria.
__Canadian Federation of Students – National Day of Action on November 2 _ http://www.cfs-fcee.ca/ _ Live via Twitter _ https://twitter.com/hashtag/alloutnov2 _ Issues in Postsecondary Education in Canada – Public Funding Cuts & Tuition Increases & Student Debt _ https://lnkd.in/eZsUeAU
__Students are mobilizing across the country for our vision for post-secondary education in Canada. Canadian Federation of Students – National Day of Action on November 2 – Issues in Postsecondary Education in Canada – Public Funding Cuts & Tuition Increases & Student Debt _ http://www.cfs-fcee.ca/the_issues _
__Thanks Baird, it’s good to clarify any misunderstanding and promote greater awareness of the role and purpose of design. Many are aware of IBM’s transformation as a Design driven company and may enjoy this HOW podcast interview with Doug Powell at IBM Design – http://www.howdesign.com/how-design-live-podcast/doug-powell-future-of-design/_ Episode #28: Doug Powell on the Future of Design
__Textbooks and Tuition up about 200% over 20 years, Mark Perry’s Chart of the Day III Aug 16 2016 via AEI – Carpe Diem Blog _ http://www.aei.org/publication/tuesday-evening-links-7/ _ [AEI’s Graphics by Olivier Ballou]
__As a good example of Faculty offering Students cost saving options by modifying assessments to suit multiple resources/editions. Ohio State University economics professor, Lucia Dunn, said she allows students to use [lower cost] older editions of textbooks instead of newer ones, and provides students with chapter assignments to accompany it. __
Kathy Smith, manager of Barnes & Noble at Ohio State, said the prices of textbooks at OSU are consistent with the prices of similar items at other universities. Book prices themselves are set by publishers, who sell to the bookstore at a fixed cost regardless of the quantity purchased, she said. Barnes & Noble then adds an “industry-standard margin” on top of this price to cover its costs of doing business.
Lucia Dunn, an economics professor, said publishers release new editions of textbooks too frequently, which drives up prices. Dunn specifically mentioned a representative from McGraw-Hill who once told her, if possible, publishers aim to revise books every 18 months.
“They have got the authors of these textbooks who are working on these books constantly updating it, when, in fact, there is no need to change the textbook in some fundamental areas, like economics, every 18 months,” Dunn said. “The laws of supply and demand don’t change every 18 months.”
more . . .
__ Coursera Introducing Monthly Subscriptions for Specializations – Pay $39 to $89 per month for the time you actually spend learning. With all courses in subscription-based Specializations running at least monthly, you can complete a Specialization in as little as a month (if, for example, you’re already familiar with some of the material), or over several months (if the topic is completely new to you). __
At Coursera, we believe education is a lifelong pursuit, and we want to empower you to achieve your goals throughout your life and career. We’re continually working to improve our courses and platform to give you access to relevant content, and to help you learn more efficiently and effectively.
Today, we’re excited to announce Specialization subscriptions – a new payment model that allows you to purchase access to all content in a Specialization on a month-by-month or annual basis, so that you’re paying only for the amount of time you need to learn the material and earn your Certificate.
You can now subscribe to some Specializations on Coursera for a monthly fee rather than paying up front for an entire course or Specialization, and this payment model will be rolled out to many of our most popular Specializations over the coming months. Subscriptions are typically priced from $39 to $89 per month for access to one Specialization, with no long-term commitment required. Subscribing to a Specialization gives you access to all content in every course in the Specialization for as long as your subscription is active. Based on the completion times that we typically see for our most popular Specializations, the subscription model has the potential to reduce costs for many learners.
__Short videos by each CEO help describe important role/use of design – “a way to translate your ideals and you values into something people can touch and see and hold,”
In its fourth year, the DesignThinker of the Year Award recognizes Canadian corporate leaders who use design and innovation to solve business problems and drive growth. Past recipients are Larry Rosen, CEO of Harry Rosen Inc.; David Labistour, president and CEO of MEC; Michael Emory, president and CEO of Allied Properties REIT; and Stephen Alexander, founder of Cumbrae’s.
__This campaign raising awareness that Free Open Textbooks are a cost-saving option is an important initiative. However, Rory McGreal is misleading readers about the profitability of educational publishers – research will find they are making very little, if any, profits. Also worth noting that it’s BCcampus policy to “keep each textbook static”, i.e. not to update the open textbooks in their library – “This can be disruptive to faculty and students currently using the textbook” _https://lnkd.in/edGmXxm. __ https://lnkd.in/etF3sWK
Representatives from five schools across province launched the #textbookbrokeAB campaign to showcase the money students spend on books.
With students facing a bigger financial crunch than ever, a group of Alberta students are taking aim at one of their biggest money sinks: textbooks.
Representatives from five schools across Alberta launched the #textbookbrokeAB campaign this fall to showcase the amount of money students are spending on books.
Instead, they want schools to look more seriously at open source textbooks, or books that have been published and licensed to be used by anyone.
It’s an idea gaining momentum in other places, including B.C.
more . . .
__Don Gorges Archive of LinkedIn Posts & Links October 24 to October 29 _ Topics – Perspectives – Sectors : Open Design Visual Communications Creative Marketing Education __